Pigeons are found worldwide except in areas where weathers are extreme cold. Pigeons smaller form is called doves, larger ones are pigeons. Doves are well known because of the symbol ‘Dove of peace’. There are about 250 species of pigeons in the world, it is said that about two-thirds of them are found in tropical southeast Asia, Australia and western Pacific. Around the 5th century pigeons were used as a communication network. Some of the famous breeds of pigeons are:


Fantail species is most recognizable and well-known among the fancy pigeons. They are famous for their looks, they have curved neck, visible chest and tails like peacock. Breeders while training the new prospects keep the fantails at the front of dovecote. Their prominent fantails give benefit of guiding the young one’s home. In the fantail breed the oil preening gland is absent at the base of their tails, so when they get wet, they are likely to catch a cold.

  1. Scandaroon

Scandaroon are larger than your average street pigeon. Their eyes have fleshy red ring around them. They have large curved bills covered by a large wattle on top. They are said to be oldest breed of pigeons for its looks and it severs as a food source. They are from the time of Alexander the great.

  1. Jacobin

Jacobin name was given to them because of their ‘mane’. When this breed gain popularity because of its mane it was resembled to the cowls of Jacobin Monks. All Jacobin types have obvious mane, which makes you unable to see the head of pigeon from side. Birds like these who are showy and like to fluff up their feathers are valued in competitions. Jacobin are ‘attractive’ creatures, they have slim tail, long legs and upright posture, these features make them famous.

  1. Frillback

Frillback famous feature is their curly feathers, which makes them appear lacy. Pigeons were bred solely for ornamental purpose and not for meat. Frillback were earliest known breed used for this purpose. Frillback can fly better than chickens and can fly to escape their predators. To use their flight features effectively means they have to expand more energy than your average pigeon. They are larger in size, rather than having to use more energy for flying features these pigeons prefer to walk or run than to fly. Like fantail frillback are highly susceptible to cold if get wet because they have zero water resistance. Frillback have autosomal dominant mutation, so if one copy of gene is present in one parent, there’s 50/50 chance that frilled features will be present in the offspring. With this dominance of frill gene, frill trait would be transferred to other fancy breed’s families.

  1. Copper

The main feature about this breed is their inflatable crops. Crop is an organ in pigeons throat that grinds up food. All pigeons inflate crops while “strutting” in front of others, but copper takes this to next level. They just love to puff their chests out when they are in good mood and not only to find a mate. Copper crops are highly developed. They look like a top-heavy bird but in reality, their crops are filled with air which means they would not tip over. They were bred to have different features like, long back, stand up straight and their ability to puff up. Some copper has different body shapes but all have inflatable crop as if they bred keeping crop in mind. Compare to rock dove copper has more vertebrae and a bigger ribcage. Coppers are Loving and friendly pigeons who bond and play with their owners.